What are the hardest months of a baby’s first year?

The first year of a baby’s life is filled with milestones, but it’s not always easy sailing. There are moments when the baby’s needs are greater, and the parents are stretched to their limits. But which months are the hardest for a baby? From colic to teething, there are many challenges that new parents face. In this article, we’ll explore the toughest months of a baby’s first year and offer tips on how to navigate them. So, buckle up and get ready to discover the ups and downs of parenthood!

Quick Answer:
The hardest months of a baby’s first year are often considered to be the first few months. Newborns require round-the-clock care, and sleep patterns can be unpredictable. Additionally, new parents may struggle with breastfeeding, diaper changes, and understanding their baby’s needs. The months of 3-6 months are also challenging as babies begin to develop separation anxiety and may become more difficult to soothe. However, every baby is different, and some may face challenges at different stages of their development. With patience, love, and support, parents can navigate these difficult months and create a strong bond with their baby.

Newborn phase (0-3 months)

Sleep and feeding schedule

During the newborn phase, babies sleep for most of the day and night, but they also wake up frequently, especially during the night. This can make it challenging for parents to establish a consistent sleep and feeding schedule. Here are some key points to consider:

  • Sleep patterns: Newborns typically sleep for 16-17 hours per day, with frequent naps during the day and night. However, their sleep patterns are not yet regulated, and they may not follow a regular sleep schedule.
  • Feeding schedule: Newborns need to be fed every 2-3 hours, as they have small stomachs that can only hold a small amount of milk at a time. Breastfeeding or bottle-feeding should be done on demand, as babies are hungry when they wake up.
  • Establishing a routine: While it may seem difficult to establish a routine during the newborn phase, it is important to create a consistent sleep and feeding schedule. This can help both the baby and the parents to feel more comfortable and relaxed.
  • Nighttime feedings: Feeding a baby at night can be challenging for parents, as it disrupts their sleep. However, it is important to ensure that the baby is getting enough milk to support their growth and development.
  • Sleep training: Some parents may choose to implement sleep training techniques, such as the “Ferber method,” to help their baby learn to fall asleep on their own. However, it is important to approach sleep training with caution and ensure that the baby is not left to cry for long periods of time.

Colic and crying

During the first three months of a baby’s life, colic is a common occurrence. Colic is characterized by excessive crying and fussiness in an otherwise healthy baby. This can be a difficult time for parents, who may feel overwhelmed and helpless in the face of their baby’s distress.

It is important to note that while colic can be a trying experience for parents, it is not a sign of a serious medical condition. In most cases, colic resolves on its own by the time the baby reaches three months of age. However, it can still be a very challenging time for both the baby and the parents.

Parents can take steps to help soothe their baby during this time. This may include providing a calm and quiet environment, using gentle movements such as rocking or walking with the baby, and using white noise or other soothing sounds. It can also be helpful for parents to take breaks and seek support from friends, family, or support groups.

It is also important for parents to remember that they are not alone in their struggles with colic. Many parents have been through this experience and can offer support and advice. Additionally, medical professionals can provide guidance and support as well.

In summary, colic and crying can be a difficult experience for parents during the first three months of their baby’s life. While it can be challenging, there are steps that parents can take to help soothe their baby and support each other during this time.

Growth and development

During the newborn phase, which spans from birth to three months, babies experience rapid growth and development. In fact, newborns grow at an astonishing rate, with their bodies increasing in length and weight by up to 10 times their birth size within the first three months.

This rapid growth is due to a combination of factors, including the rapid increase in muscle and bone development, the growth of organs such as the brain and liver, and the accumulation of body fat. As a result, newborns require a high-calorie diet to support their growth and development.

One area of concern for parents during the newborn phase is meeting developmental milestones. Parents may worry about whether their baby is meeting certain milestones, such as lifting their head while on their stomach, rolling over, or sitting up. It is important for parents to remember that every baby develops at their own pace, and that there is a wide range of normal when it comes to developmental milestones. However, if parents have concerns about their baby’s development, they should speak with their pediatrician.

3-6 months: Teething and mobility

Key takeaway: During the first year of a baby’s life, they go through various stages of development, each with its own set of challenges. Understanding these challenges can help parents provide the best care and support for their baby’s growth and development. It is important to remember that every baby develops at their own pace, and that there is a wide range of normal when it comes to developmental milestones. Parents should stay patient, empathetic, and proactive in their approach to help their child navigate each stage of development successfully.


Teething is a natural process that occurs in babies during the first year of life. It is a normal developmental milestone, and most babies begin to teeth between the ages of 6 and 10 months. During this period, the baby’s first teeth start to emerge, which can cause discomfort and irritability.

Teething can be a painful process for babies, and it can cause them to become irritable, fussy, and sleepless. They may also refuse to eat or drink, rub their ears, and chew on their fingers or toys. Some babies may develop a low-grade fever, diarrhea, or a rash as a result of teething.

It is important to note that teething does not cause serious symptoms such as high fever, severe diarrhea, or vomiting. If a baby displays any of these symptoms, it is important to consult a pediatrician immediately.

Parents can help soothe their baby’s discomfort during teething by providing them with a clean, cold teether or a cold washcloth to chew on. They can also give their baby a warm bath or a massage to help alleviate the pain. It is important to avoid using teething creams or gels, as they can be harmful to the baby.

Teething is a normal part of a baby’s development, and it is important to be patient and understanding during this period. With proper care and attention, parents can help their baby through the teething process and ensure their continued health and well-being.


As babies reach the age of 3-6 months, they undergo significant developmental milestones. One of the most exciting is the acquisition of mobility. During this period, infants start to crawl and pull themselves up. While this stage is thrilling for the baby, it can be quite exhausting for parents.

There are several reasons why mobility can be challenging for parents during this stage:

  1. Constant supervision: As babies begin to crawl and pull themselves up, they explore everything within their reach. This means that parents need to be constantly vigilant to ensure that their baby does not get into any danger. Parents need to supervise their baby at all times, which can be physically and mentally draining.
  2. Exhaustion: The constant need to supervise the baby can lead to exhaustion for parents. They may find themselves struggling to keep up with the baby’s energy levels and constantly adjusting their own schedule to meet the baby’s needs.
  3. Cleaning and organizing: With increased mobility comes the risk of messes. Babies may crawl around in dirt or spill food and drinks, which can make cleaning and organizing a constant challenge for parents.
  4. Safety concerns: As babies become more mobile, they may also become more curious about their surroundings. This can lead to safety concerns, such as the baby reaching for hot objects or crawling near stairs. Parents need to take extra precautions to ensure that their baby is safe at all times.

Despite the challenges, the acquisition of mobility is an exciting milestone for both the baby and the parents. It marks the beginning of a new phase of development, where the baby becomes more independent and engaged with their environment. With careful planning and preparation, parents can navigate this stage with ease and enjoy the newfound independence of their baby.

6-9 months: Terrible twos and separation anxiety

Terrible twos

Understanding the Terrible Twos

The Terrible Twos is a common phase that many toddlers go through, typically between the ages of 18 months and 3 years old. During this time, children experience significant developmental changes, including an increase in cognitive abilities, language skills, and emotional regulation. However, these advancements can also lead to increased frustration and a lack of ability to express their feelings, resulting in tantrums and defiance.

Symptoms of the Terrible Twos

During the Terrible Twos, children may exhibit a range of behaviors that can be challenging for parents to manage. Some common symptoms include:

  • Tantrums: Children may become easily upset and throw frequent tantrums, often over minor issues or when they cannot get their way.
  • Defiance: Toddlers may challenge authority figures, refuse to listen, and resist following instructions.
  • Mood swings: Children may experience rapid changes in mood, going from happy to angry or sad in a matter of minutes.
  • Sensory sensitivity: Some toddlers may become more sensitive to certain textures, tastes, or smells during this phase.
  • Separation anxiety: Children may become more attached to their caregivers and experience significant distress when separated from them.

Coping Strategies for Parents

Dealing with a child’s Terrible Twos can be challenging for parents, but there are strategies that can help. Some effective coping mechanisms include:

  • Patience and empathy: Understanding that your child is going through a difficult phase can help you remain patient and empathetic. Acknowledge your child’s feelings and provide reassurance when they are upset.
  • Establishing routines: Consistent daily routines can provide a sense of security and predictability for your child, reducing anxiety and helping them feel more in control.
  • Encouraging communication: Help your child develop their communication skills by providing opportunities for them to express their feelings and needs. This can include using simple words, gestures, or pictures to communicate.
  • Redirection and distraction: When your child is becoming upset, try redirecting their attention to a different activity or environment. This can help diffuse a situation and prevent tantrums from escalating.
  • Modeling behavior: Children learn by observing their caregivers, so it’s essential to model positive behavior and communication. Be consistent in your actions and use positive reinforcement to encourage desirable behaviors.

Remember that the Terrible Twos is a normal phase of child development, and it will pass. By staying patient, empathetic, and proactive in your approach, you can help your child navigate this challenging period and build a strong foundation for future emotional growth.

Separation anxiety

As a baby grows and develops, they begin to understand that their caregivers will eventually leave their sight. This can lead to separation anxiety, a common and normal developmental stage for infants between 6 and 9 months old. During this time, babies may become clingy and resist separation from their parents, which can be distressing for both the child and the parents.

Here are some details about separation anxiety in babies:

  • Symptoms: Babies may show signs of distress when their parents leave their sight, such as crying, clinging, and refusing to be put down. They may also arch their back or stiffen their body when being placed on a surface other than their parent’s lap.
  • Causes: Separation anxiety is a normal part of infant development as they begin to understand the concept of object permanence, or the idea that objects continue to exist even when they are out of sight. It is also a natural part of attachment formation, as babies become more attached to their primary caregivers.
  • Management: Parents can help manage their baby’s separation anxiety by creating a consistent routine and providing a safe and comfortable environment for their child. Offering reassurance and comfort, such as offering a security object or allowing the baby to hold onto a piece of clothing, can also help. Additionally, parents can gradually introduce separation by leaving their child with a trusted caregiver for short periods of time and gradually increasing the duration of those separations.

9-12 months: Independence and exploration


During the ninth to twelfth month of a baby’s first year, they experience a significant increase in their independence and desire to explore their surroundings. This newfound assertiveness can sometimes cause frustration for both the baby and the parents, as they may test boundaries and resist routine. Here are some specific challenges that parents may encounter during this stage:

  • Resistance to routine: Babies who were once content with a predictable routine may now resist it, causing frustration for both the baby and the parents. This can be a normal part of their development as they begin to assert their independence and want more control over their environment.
  • Tantrums: Tantrums may become more frequent and intense during this stage, as babies struggle to express their frustration and anger. Parents may find themselves dealing with tantrums in public, which can be challenging and embarrassing.
  • Safety concerns: As babies become more mobile, they may put themselves in dangerous situations without realizing it. Parents need to be vigilant about safety and take steps to baby-proof their home.
  • Clinginess: Some babies may become clingy during this stage, especially when they are tired or overwhelmed. This can be a difficult stage for parents, who may feel like they are losing their baby’s affections. However, it is important to remember that this is a normal part of development and will pass.
  • Solo exploration: Babies at this stage are increasingly interested in exploring their environment on their own. They may want to climb, pull themselves up, and crawl around. While this is an exciting milestone, it can also be challenging for parents who are worried about their baby’s safety.

Overall, the independence stage can be challenging for both babies and parents. However, it is an important part of development, and parents can support their baby’s growth by providing a safe and stimulating environment and encouraging their baby’s independence in age-appropriate ways.


During the 9-12 month stage, babies experience a significant increase in their desire to explore and discover the world around them. This heightened curiosity often leads to a greater number of accidents and injuries, as infants may put objects in their mouths, climb furniture, and interact with hazardous items without fully understanding the risks involved.

One of the primary reasons behind this heightened sense of exploration is the rapid development of motor skills during this period. Babies become more adept at crawling, pulling themselves up to stand, and taking their first steps. As they gain independence in their movements, they are more likely to explore their surroundings, which can lead to accidents and injuries.

Babies at this stage are also developing their sense of object permanence, which means they understand that objects continue to exist even when they are out of sight. This can lead to a desire to explore hidden spaces, such as under furniture or in closets, which may pose risks to their safety.

It is essential for parents and caregivers to be vigilant during this stage, as accidents can happen quickly. Ensuring that hazardous items are out of reach, providing a safe and age-appropriate environment for exploration, and supervising the baby at all times can help reduce the risk of injury. Additionally, it is crucial to teach the baby about safe exploration practices, such as not putting objects in their mouths and not climbing on furniture, to help them understand the importance of safety.

12-18 months: Toddlerhood and tantrums


Toddlerhood is a time of rapid growth and development for children, but it can also be a challenging period for both the child and their caregivers. Toddlers are learning to assert their independence and express their emotions, which can sometimes lead to frustration and tantrums.

Difficulty expressing emotions

Toddlers are still learning how to communicate their feelings and needs, and they may struggle to express themselves in a socially acceptable way. This can lead to frustration and anger, which can manifest in tantrums and meltdowns.

Frequent tantrums and meltdowns

Toddlers may have frequent tantrums and meltdowns as they try to cope with their emotions. These outbursts can be triggered by a variety of factors, such as a lack of sleep, hunger, or frustration. It is important for caregivers to remain patient and understanding during these times, as tantrums are a normal part of toddler development.

However, there are strategies that caregivers can use to help toddlers manage their emotions and reduce the frequency of tantrums. These strategies may include providing plenty of opportunities for play and exploration, setting clear boundaries and expectations, and using positive reinforcement to encourage good behavior.

Potty training

Potty training is often considered one of the most challenging milestones in a child’s early years. It is a process that requires patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement from parents.

Frustration and challenges of potty training

  • Toddlers have limited bladder and bowel control, making it difficult for them to hold it in for long periods.
  • They may resist potty training due to a fear of the toilet or a desire for independence.
  • Potty training can also be a source of frustration for parents, who may struggle to find the right approach or feel overwhelmed by the process.

Importance of patience and consistency

  • Parents must be patient and consistent in their approach to potty training, as it is a process that takes time and repetition.
  • Consistency is key, as it helps to establish a routine and reinforce good habits.
  • Patience is also important, as it allows parents to respond calmly to accidents and avoid punishing or shaming their child.

Positive reinforcement and rewards

  • Positive reinforcement is a powerful tool in potty training, as it encourages children to associate good behaviors with positive outcomes.
  • Parents can use rewards such as stickers, small toys, or special treats to reinforce good habits and encourage continued progress.
  • It is important to celebrate even small successes, as they can help to build confidence and motivation in the child.

Potty training tools and resources

  • There are a variety of tools and resources available to help with potty training, such as potty chairs, training pants, and reward charts.
  • Parents should choose the approach that works best for their child and their family, and be open to adjusting their approach as needed.
  • It is also helpful to seek support from friends, family, or professionals such as pediatricians or child psychologists.

18-24 months: Toddlerhood and autonomy


During the stage of toddlerhood, which spans from 18 to 24 months, a child’s development progresses rapidly. The child begins to assert their autonomy and may challenge parental authority, which can be a difficult phase for parents who are used to making decisions for their child. This stage is characterized by the following:

Independence and self-assertion

Toddlers in this stage exhibit a strong desire for independence and self-assertion. They start to assert their will and opinions, which can lead to power struggles with parents. This can be challenging for parents who are used to making decisions for their child and may struggle with the idea of giving up control.

Oppositional behavior

Oppositional behavior is common during this stage as toddlers test boundaries and assert their independence. They may refuse to cooperate with parents, ignore requests, or argue with authority figures. This behavior can be frustrating for parents, who may feel like they are constantly battling with their toddler.

Cognitive development

During this stage, toddlers experience rapid cognitive development. They start to understand abstract concepts, such as time and number, and can categorize objects based on their attributes. This development can lead to more complex and sophisticated play, such as imaginative play and pretend play.

Language development

Language development also continues to progress during this stage. Toddlers may begin to use more complex sentences and develop a larger vocabulary. They may also start to use language to express their emotions and needs, which can help them communicate more effectively with parents and caregivers.

Overall, the toddlerhood stage can be challenging for both parents and children as they navigate the complex dynamics of autonomy and independence. It is important for parents to remain patient and supportive during this stage, while also setting clear boundaries and expectations for their child’s behavior.


During the toddlerhood stage, children start to develop a sense of autonomy and independence, which is a crucial aspect of their overall development. One of the most significant changes during this period is the way toddlers interact with their peers. Here are some key points to consider:

  • Interaction with peers: At around 18-24 months, toddlers begin to interact more with other children their age. This is an exciting development, as it allows them to form bonds and friendships. However, it can also be challenging for parents, who need to manage social situations and ensure that their child’s boundaries are respected.
  • Group play: As toddlers start to engage in group play, they learn to share, take turns, and understand the concept of fairness. They also develop social skills such as negotiation, cooperation, and empathy. These skills are essential for their future social interactions and relationships.
  • Separation anxiety: During this period, toddlers may experience separation anxiety when they are away from their primary caregivers. This is a normal part of development, as toddlers are developing a stronger sense of autonomy and independence. However, it can be challenging for parents, who may need to find ways to help their child feel secure when they are not around.
  • Emotional regulation: Toddlers are still learning how to regulate their emotions, and they may become easily frustrated or upset when things don’t go their way. Parents can help their child develop emotional regulation skills by providing a safe and supportive environment and helping them to label and express their emotions.
  • Language development: Toddlers’ language skills continue to develop during this period, and they may start to use more complex sentences and express their thoughts and ideas more clearly. However, some children may experience language delays, which can be a concern for parents. It is essential to work with a healthcare provider or a speech therapist if there are any concerns about language development.

Overall, the socialization phase during toddlerhood can be both exciting and challenging for parents. It is essential to provide a supportive environment that encourages social interaction while also ensuring that boundaries are respected and that the child’s emotional needs are met.


1. What are the hardest months of a baby’s first year?

The hardest months of a baby’s first year are generally considered to be the first three months, also known as the newborn stage. This is a time of adjustment for both the baby and the parents, as the baby learns to eat, sleep, and interact with the world around them. It can be a challenging time, as the baby may be unpredictable in their sleep patterns and eating habits, and may require frequent attention and care.

2. Is there a particular month that is harder than the others?

There is no particular month that is universally considered to be harder than the others. However, some parents may find certain months to be more challenging than others due to various factors, such as teething, illness, or developmental milestones. It’s important to remember that every baby is different, and what may be a difficult month for one baby may not be the same for another.

3. How can I make the hardest months of my baby’s first year easier?

There are several things you can do to make the hardest months of your baby’s first year easier. One important thing is to take care of yourself, both physically and mentally. This can help you to better care for your baby and cope with the challenges of the newborn stage. It can also be helpful to establish a routine and stick to it as much as possible, as this can provide a sense of predictability and structure for both you and your baby. Additionally, seeking support from friends, family, or a pediatrician can be beneficial during this time.

Is The First Month of Newborn the Hardest? When Does it Get Easier?!

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