Newborn Baby Care: Essential Do’s and Don’ts for Optimal Health

Welcome to a world of wonder and joy as we explore the fascinating topic of newborn baby care! The first few weeks of a newborn’s life are critical for their optimal health and development. Parents and caregivers must follow essential do’s and don’ts to ensure their little ones thrive in this exciting new chapter. From feeding and sleeping to bathing and dressing, every action counts. In this article, we’ll delve into the essential do’s and don’ts for newborn baby care, empowering you to make informed decisions for your precious little one’s well-being. So, let’s dive in and embark on this incredible journey together!

Ensuring Optimal Health for Your Newborn

Proper Feeding and Nutrition

Breastfeeding is the optimal way to provide nutrition for newborns. It provides antibodies that help protect against infections, and the colostrum, the first milk produced, helps to build the baby’s immune system. Breastfeeding also promotes bonding between the mother and baby, and it is convenient as it is always available and ready. However, it is important to note that some mothers may not be able to breastfeed due to medical reasons, and in such cases, alternative methods of feeding should be considered.

Bottle feeding
For mothers who are unable to breastfeed, bottle feeding is an alternative method of feeding. It is important to ensure that the baby is fed using a clean and sterilized bottle to prevent infections. The milk should also be prepared carefully to ensure that it is the right temperature and that the baby is not given too much or too little milk. It is also important to note that bottle feeding may increase the risk of obesity and diabetes in the baby later in life.

Supplements and nutritional needs
Newborns require specific nutrients for optimal health, including protein, calcium, and iron. These nutrients can be obtained from breast milk or formula, but in some cases, supplements may be necessary. However, it is important to ensure that the supplements are safe and appropriate for the baby’s age and health condition. It is advisable to consult a pediatrician before giving any supplements to the baby. Additionally, it is important to ensure that the baby is getting enough nutrients, but not too much, as this can lead to other health problems.

Sleep Safety

As a new parent, ensuring the safety and well-being of your newborn is of utmost importance. One of the most crucial aspects of newborn care is establishing safe sleep practices to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and other sleep-related injuries.

Safe Sleep Practices

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends the following safe sleep practices to reduce the risk of SIDS and other sleep-related injuries:

  • Place your baby on their back to sleep: Babies should be placed on their backs to sleep to reduce the risk of SIDS.
  • Use a firm sleep surface: A firm sleep surface, such as a crib or bassinet with a tight-fitting sheet, should be used to reduce the risk of suffocation. Soft bedding, such as a couch or cushioned chair, should be avoided.
  • Keep the sleep area smoke-free: Exposure to secondhand smoke increases the risk of SIDS and other sleep-related injuries. Smoke exposure should be avoided in the home and in the car.
  • Keep the sleep area clean and clutter-free: Soft objects, such as a waterbed, couch, cushioned chair, or couch cushions, should be avoided in the sleep area. Blankets, sheets, and other soft objects should be kept away from the baby’s face to reduce the risk of suffocation.
  • Avoid overheating: Overheating has been linked to an increased risk of SIDS. Parents should dress their baby in lightweight clothing and avoid covering the baby with heavy blankets or putting the baby in a warm room.

Sleep Environment

The sleep environment plays a crucial role in ensuring the safety of your newborn. Parents should create a safe sleep environment by following the safe sleep practices outlined above. In addition, the sleep environment should be free of hazards, such as loose bedding, soft objects, and loose crib bumpers.

Sleep Position

The AAP recommends that babies be placed on their backs to sleep to reduce the risk of SIDS. Parents should avoid placing the baby on their stomach or side to sleep. The baby should be placed on their back for all sleep periods, including naps and at night.

In conclusion, establishing safe sleep practices is crucial for the safety and well-being of your newborn. By following the safe sleep practices outlined above, parents can reduce the risk of SIDS and other sleep-related injuries.

Vaccination Schedule

Vaccinations are an essential aspect of newborn baby care as they help protect infants from various life-threatening diseases. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend a specific vaccination schedule for newborns, which outlines the vaccines to be administered and the time frame for each vaccine.

The recommended vaccination schedule for newborns includes the following vaccines:

  • Hepatitis B: Given at birth
  • Influenza: Given in the first few months of life
  • Pneumococcal: Given at 2, 4, 6, and 12-15 months
  • Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis (DTaP): Given at 2, 4, 6, and 15-18 months
  • Haemophilus Influenzae Type b (Hib): Given at 2, 4, and 6 months
  • Measles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR): Given at 12-15 months
  • Varicella (Chickenpox): Given at 12-15 months

It is important to follow the recommended vaccination schedule to ensure that your newborn receives the necessary vaccines at the appropriate time. Failure to follow the schedule can lead to delays in protecting your baby from potentially life-threatening diseases.

While vaccinations are essential for the health of your newborn, it is important to be aware of the risks and benefits associated with each vaccine. Some babies may experience mild side effects such as redness or swelling at the injection site, while others may experience more severe reactions. It is important to discuss any concerns you may have with your healthcare provider before receiving any vaccine.

Overall, following the recommended vaccination schedule is a crucial aspect of newborn baby care, and it is important to discuss any questions or concerns with your healthcare provider.

Regular Check-ups

As a new parent, it is essential to ensure that your newborn receives regular check-ups to monitor their health and development. Here are some essential aspects of regular check-ups for newborns:

Newborn Screening Tests

Newborn screening tests are essential for detecting genetic and metabolic disorders in newborns. These tests are typically conducted within the first few days after birth and involve a simple blood test. Early detection of these disorders can help in providing timely treatment and improving the child’s health outcomes.

Well-baby Check-ups

Well-baby check-ups are routine health assessments for newborns and infants to monitor their growth and development. These check-ups are usually conducted by pediatricians and may include measurements of weight, length, and head circumference, as well as a physical examination. These check-ups provide an opportunity for parents to discuss any concerns they may have about their child’s health and development.

Developmental Milestones

Developmental milestones are specific moments in a child’s life when they achieve significant developmental milestones, such as rolling over, sitting up, crawling, and walking. Pediatricians will monitor these milestones during well-baby check-ups and provide guidance to parents on how to encourage their child’s development.

It is important to note that regular check-ups are crucial for the early detection and intervention of any health issues, ensuring that your newborn receives the best possible care.

Common Newborn Care Mistakes to Avoid

Key takeaway: To ensure optimal health for a newborn, it is important to follow proper feeding and nutrition practices, establish safe sleep practices, and schedule regular check-ups. It is also crucial to avoid common mistakes such as overdressing, ignoring signs of hunger or discomfort, using harsh products on the skin, shaking or jostling the baby, and disregarding the importance of sleep for newborns. Proper vaccination, postpartum care, and regular check-ups are also essential for newborn baby care.


One of the most common mistakes new parents make when caring for their newborn is overdressing them. While it may seem like a good idea to keep the baby warm and comfortable, overdressing can actually pose some serious risks to their health.

Dangers of overheating

Overheating is one of the most significant dangers associated with overdressing a newborn. When a baby is overdressed, their body temperature can rise to dangerous levels, which can lead to heat exhaustion, dehydration, and even heatstroke. Babies are more susceptible to overheating because their bodies are not yet able to regulate their own temperature effectively.

Dressing for comfort and safety

When dressing a newborn, it’s important to prioritize both comfort and safety. A good rule of thumb is to dress the baby in one more layer than an adult would wear in the same environment. This means that if you’re wearing a t-shirt, the baby should be wearing a onesie. It’s also important to choose clothing made from breathable fabrics like cotton or linen, and to avoid covering the baby with heavy blankets or putting them in a warm room.

Additionally, it’s important to ensure that the baby’s head is not covered, as this can cause them to overheat. Instead, choose a hat or bonnet that allows for good airflow around the head.

In summary, overdressing a newborn can lead to overheating, which can have serious consequences for their health. When dressing a newborn, it’s important to prioritize comfort and safety by dressing them in breathable clothing and avoiding heavy blankets or warm rooms.

Ignoring Signs of Hunger or Discomfort

Early signs of hunger

Newborn babies have small stomachs and can only tolerate small amounts of milk at a time. As a result, they need to be fed frequently, especially in the first few weeks of life. Parents should be aware of the early signs of hunger, such as sucking on their hands or making rooting movements towards a nipple. Ignoring these signs can lead to overfeeding or underfeeding, which can cause discomfort and health problems.

Responding to crying

Newborn babies cry for a variety of reasons, including hunger, discomfort, and boredom. However, if a baby is crying for an extended period, it may be a sign that they are hungry or uncomfortable. Parents should respond to their baby’s cries promptly and check for signs of hunger or discomfort, such as a tight belly or a red bottom. Ignoring a baby’s cries can lead to crying jags, which can be distressing for both the baby and the parents.

Soothing techniques

Newborn babies are sensitive to touch and can be easily soothed by a gentle touch or a familiar voice. Parents should try different soothing techniques, such as rocking, holding, or singing, to find what works best for their baby. Ignoring a baby’s cries and not attempting to soothe them can lead to feelings of neglect and abandonment, which can affect the baby’s emotional and social development.

Using Harsh Products on the Skin

Newborn babies have delicate skin that is susceptible to irritation and damage from harsh products. To ensure optimal health, it is essential to avoid using harsh products on a newborn’s skin. Here are some common newborn skin conditions and gentle skincare practices to follow:

Common Newborn Skin Conditions

Newborns can develop various skin conditions, including:

  1. Diaper rash: A red, inflamed skin rash caused by prolonged exposure to urine and feces.
  2. Cradle cap: A scaly, crusty skin condition that affects the scalp of newborns.
  3. Milk rash: A skin reaction caused by the irritation of breast milk or formula.
  4. Heat rash: A skin condition caused by sweating and excessive heat.

Gentle Skincare Practices

To avoid aggravating these skin conditions, it is essential to practice gentle skincare techniques. Here are some tips:

  1. Use fragrance-free products: Avoid using products with fragrances, as they can irritate a newborn’s sensitive skin.
  2. Cleanse gently: Use a gentle, fragrance-free cleanser to cleanse the baby’s skin. Avoid using soap, as it can strip the skin of its natural oils.
  3. Pat dry: Gently pat the skin dry with a clean towel after washing. Avoid rubbing, as it can irritate the skin.
  4. Moisturize: Apply a gentle, fragrance-free moisturizer to keep the skin hydrated.

When to Seek Medical Attention

If a newborn’s skin condition does not improve with gentle skincare practices or worsens, it is essential to seek medical attention. A pediatrician can recommend appropriate treatment and advise on how to prevent further skin irritation.

In summary, using harsh products on a newborn’s skin can lead to irritation and damage. To ensure optimal health, it is essential to practice gentle skincare techniques and seek medical attention when necessary.

Shaking or Jostling the Baby

Shaking or jostling a newborn baby can have serious consequences, including brain damage and even death. The sudden and violent movement can cause the brain to bounce against the skull, leading to bleeding and swelling. This can result in a condition known as shaken baby syndrome, which can cause permanent damage or even death.

It is important to handle a newborn baby with care and to avoid any sudden or vigorous movements. Here are some safe handling and holding techniques to keep your baby safe:

  • Hold the baby close to your body, with their head and neck supported.
  • Use your fingers to support the baby’s head and neck, and avoid holding the baby by the arms or legs.
  • Avoid jostling the baby while walking or carrying them, and try to move slowly and smoothly.
  • If you need to change the baby’s diaper or dress them, lay the baby down on a firm, flat surface and support their head and neck.
  • Never shake the baby in an attempt to calm them down, and seek help if you are feeling overwhelmed or unable to care for the baby.

By following these safe handling and holding techniques, you can help prevent serious harm to your newborn baby.

Ignoring Postpartum Care

After giving birth, it is crucial for new mothers to receive proper postpartum care to ensure their physical and emotional well-being. Unfortunately, many new mothers are often neglected or overlooked in this critical period. Here are some key points to consider when it comes to postpartum care:

  • Physical Health: After giving birth, a woman’s body goes through significant changes. She may experience physical pain, fatigue, and other discomforts. Moreover, she may also have to manage issues such as incontinence, constipation, and breastfeeding difficulties. Therefore, it is essential to ensure that new mothers receive adequate medical care and attention during this period. This includes regular check-ups, pain management, and any necessary medical interventions.
  • Emotional Health: The postpartum period can also be emotionally challenging for new mothers. They may experience feelings of anxiety, depression, and loneliness. It is essential to provide them with the necessary emotional support and resources to help them cope with these feelings. This can include counseling, support groups, and access to mental health services.
  • Available Resources and Support: Finally, it is important to ensure that new mothers have access to the necessary resources and support during the postpartum period. This can include access to nutritious food, adequate rest, and help with household chores. Moreover, having a supportive network of family and friends can also be invaluable during this time.

Disregarding the Importance of Sleep for Newborns

Newborn babies require a significant amount of sleep, with newborns typically sleeping 16-17 hours per day. However, it is essential to understand that newborns’ sleep patterns are different from those of adults and older children. During the first few weeks of life, newborns are not capable of sleeping for long periods at a time, and they wake up frequently to feed. This is a normal part of newborn sleep and should not be viewed as a problem.

It is crucial to establish healthy sleep habits from the beginning to ensure that the baby gets the necessary rest and develops good sleep patterns as they grow. Parents should create a calm and relaxing sleep environment for the baby, such as a quiet room with a comfortable crib and a soothing white noise machine.

It is also essential to follow safe sleep practices to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Parents should place the baby on their back to sleep, ensure that the crib is free of soft bedding and toys, and keep the room at a comfortable temperature. Parents should also avoid exposing the baby to tobacco smoke, which can increase the risk of SIDS.

By understanding the importance of sleep for newborns and following safe sleep practices, parents can help ensure that their baby gets the necessary rest and develops good sleep habits for life.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is it safe to swaddle a newborn?

Benefits of swaddling

Swaddling has been a traditional practice for centuries, and research has shown that it has numerous benefits for newborns. Swaddling helps to replicate the feeling of being in the womb, providing a sense of security and comfort for the baby. Some of the benefits of swaddling include:

  • Promotes better sleep: Swaddled babies tend to sleep longer and more soundly.
  • Reduces crying: Swaddling can help soothe a baby and reduce the amount of crying.
  • Prevents startle reflex: Swaddling can help prevent the startle reflex, which is a common cause of sudden awakening in newborns.
  • Encourages natural sleep positions: Swaddling can help a baby learn to sleep in a more natural position, reducing the risk of developing a flat head.

Safe swaddling techniques

Swaddling can be a safe and effective way to promote better sleep and reduce crying in newborns. However, it is important to use safe swaddling techniques to ensure the baby’s safety. Here are some tips for safe swaddling:

  • Use a lightweight blanket: Use a lightweight blanket that is not too thick or heavy, as this can increase the risk of overheating.
  • Keep the arms out: Keep the baby’s arms out of the swaddle to prevent the risk of overheating and to allow for natural movement.
  • Keep the legs loose: Keep the baby’s legs loose to allow for natural movement and to prevent the risk of hip dysplasia.
  • Place the baby on their back: Always place the baby on their back to reduce the risk of SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome).

Risks and contraindications

While swaddling can be a safe and effective way to promote better sleep and reduce crying in newborns, there are some risks and contraindications to consider. Here are some situations where swaddling may not be safe:

  • Premature babies: Premature babies may have difficulty regulating their body temperature and may be at a higher risk of overheating.
  • Babies with medical conditions: Babies with certain medical conditions, such as a heart condition or hip dysplasia, may not be suitable candidates for swaddling.
  • Babies who roll over: Once a baby starts rolling over, swaddling may no longer be safe as it can increase the risk of entrapment.

It is important to consult with a pediatrician before swaddling a newborn to ensure that it is safe and appropriate for the baby’s individual needs.

What is the best way to clean a newborn’s umbilical cord?

Cleaning the umbilical cord is an essential part of newborn care, as it helps prevent infection and promote healing. The following are the steps to follow when cleaning a newborn’s umbilical cord:

  1. Gently remove any clothing or diaper that covers the cord.
  2. Clean the area around the cord with mild soap and water.
  3. Gently insert a clean gauze or cotton swab into the umbilical cord.
  4. Gently twist the gauze or cotton swab for 1-2 turns, then remove it.
  5. Dry the area gently with a clean cloth or towel.

It is essential to be cautious while cleaning the umbilical cord to avoid causing any trauma to the sensitive area. Any signs of bleeding, redness, or swelling should be reported to a healthcare provider immediately.

Signs of infection include redness, swelling, pain, or a foul-smelling discharge from the umbilical cord. If any of these signs are present, medical attention should be sought promptly to prevent further complications.

How often should I bathe my newborn?

Newborn bathing frequency

It is recommended to bathe a newborn once a week, unless otherwise advised by a healthcare provider. The first bath should be within the first 24 hours after birth.

Bathing safety tips

  1. Use warm water, not hot water, to avoid the risk of overheating.
  2. Keep the baby’s head out of the water to prevent drowning.
  3. Use a supportive bath seat or a person to hold the baby.
  4. Avoid using bubble bath, shampoo, or soap directly on the baby’s skin.
  5. Rinse the baby thoroughly with clean water after each bath.

Soothing bath products and accessories

There are a variety of bath products and accessories available that can make bath time more soothing for a newborn. These include:

  • Infant bath water warmers
  • Bath thermometers
  • Bath sponges or washcloths made specifically for newborns
  • Calming bath products, such as lavender or chamomile-scented bath oil

It is important to note that these products should be used with caution and only after consulting with a healthcare provider.

What immunizations are required for a newborn?

Newborn babies are susceptible to various diseases, and immunizations play a crucial role in protecting them from potential health risks. It is essential to follow the recommended vaccination schedule to ensure optimal health for the newborn. The immunization schedule varies based on the country and region, but generally, it includes the following vaccinations:

  • Hepatitis B: This vaccine is given at birth to protect the newborn from Hepatitis B, a liver disease that can be transmitted from mother to child during childbirth.
  • Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis (DTaP): This vaccine is given in a series of shots to protect the newborn from diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (whooping cough).
  • Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib): This vaccine is given to protect the newborn from Hib, a bacterial infection that can cause severe illnesses such as meningitis and pneumonia.
  • Influenza (flu): This vaccine is given annually to protect the newborn from the flu, a respiratory illness that can be severe in infants.
  • Pneumococcal disease: This vaccine is given to protect the newborn from pneumococcal disease, a bacterial infection that can cause severe illnesses such as pneumonia and meningitis.
  • Rotavirus: This vaccine is given to protect the newborn from rotavirus, a virus that can cause severe diarrhea and dehydration.

It is important to follow the recommended vaccination schedule to ensure that the newborn receives all necessary immunizations at the appropriate time. Timely vaccinations are crucial to protect the newborn from potential health risks and prevent severe illnesses. Delayed vaccinations can leave the newborn vulnerable to diseases that could have been prevented with timely vaccinations.

While vaccinations are essential for the newborn’s health, it is important to weigh the risks and benefits of vaccinations. Some parents may have concerns about the safety of vaccinations, but studies have shown that vaccinations are safe and effective in preventing diseases. Parents should discuss any concerns with their healthcare provider to make an informed decision about vaccinations for their newborn.

What are the signs of a healthy newborn?

Physical signs of good health

A newborn baby’s physical appearance can provide valuable insight into their overall health. Some of the key physical signs of a healthy newborn include:

  • A healthy weight and length that are appropriate for their gestational age
  • Firm, flexible skin that fits snugly over their bones
  • Bright, clear eyes that are open and responsive to light and movement
  • Strong, steady breathing and regular breathing patterns
  • Strong muscle tone and the ability to hold their head up
  • A steady heartbeat and normal blood pressure

Behavioral signs of good health

In addition to physical signs, a newborn baby’s behavior can also indicate their overall health. Some of the key behavioral signs of a healthy newborn include:

  • Good alertness and awareness of their surroundings
  • A calm and contented demeanor
  • Good responsiveness to touch and interaction with others
  • Regular feeding and sleeping patterns
  • Normal temperature and heart rate

Growth and development milestones

It is important to monitor a newborn baby’s growth and development to ensure they are meeting important milestones. Some of the key growth and development milestones for newborns include:

  • Gaining weight and length at a consistent rate
  • Lifting their head while on their stomach
  • Strengthening their grip and grasping toys
  • Bringing their hands to their mouth
  • Following moving objects with their eyes
  • Reacting to familiar voices and sounds

Monitoring these physical, behavioral, and developmental signs can help parents ensure their newborn baby is healthy and thriving.

How can I tell if my newborn is cold?

Signs of cold in newborns

Newborns are more susceptible to colds due to their underdeveloped immune systems and smaller airways. It is essential to recognize the signs of a cold in newborns to provide prompt treatment and prevent complications. Some common signs of a cold in newborns include:

  • Sneezing
  • Runny nose
  • Congestion
  • Coughing
  • Watery eyes
  • Fever
  • Decreased appetite
  • Irritability

Keeping the baby warm

Maintaining a warm environment is crucial in preventing newborns from catching colds. The ideal room temperature for newborns is between 65-70°F (18-21°C). Overdressing the baby or using too many blankets should be avoided, as it can lead to overheating and increase the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Parents should dress their newborns in lightweight clothing and use a warm, lightweight blanket for layering.

Treatment and prevention of cold symptoms

The best way to prevent colds in newborns is to maintain good hygiene and avoid exposure to sick individuals. Parents should wash their hands frequently and clean surfaces that the baby comes into contact with. Breastfeeding also provides some protection against colds, as breast milk contains antibodies that help boost the baby’s immune system.

If a newborn develops a cold, parents should consult a pediatrician for proper diagnosis and treatment. In the meantime, parents can use a humidifier to moisten the air and relieve congestion. Saline nasal drops can also be used to keep the baby’s nasal passages moist, which can help prevent infection. It is essential to avoid using over-the-counter cold medications without consulting a doctor, as they can be harmful to newborns.

How do I burp a newborn?

Burping a newborn is a common concern for new parents. Here are some techniques, positions, and guidance on when to seek medical attention for burping a newborn.

Techniques for burping a newborn

  1. Upright position: Hold the baby against your shoulder with their head facing outward. Gently pat or rub the baby’s back to encourage burping.
  2. Sitting position: Place the baby on your lap facing away from you. Support their head and shoulders with one arm while gently patting or rubbing their back with the other.
  3. Laying down position: Place the baby on their back on a flat surface. Gently lift their feet and head to create an incline, allowing air to escape and reduce pressure on their stomach.

Positions for burping

If the baby is unable to burp after several attempts, seems uncomfortable, or is showing signs of discomfort such as crying, arching their back, or becoming rigid, it may be necessary to seek medical attention. In some cases, the baby may need to be checked for reflux or other medical conditions that could be causing discomfort during feeding. It is always better to err on the side of caution and consult a medical professional if there is any concern.


1. What are the essential do’s for a newborn baby?

Newborn babies require special care and attention to ensure their optimal health. Here are some essential do’s for a newborn baby:
* Feed your baby on demand: Newborn babies need to be fed frequently, especially in the first few months. Feed your baby on demand, and do not wait for a set schedule.
* Keep your baby warm: Newborn babies lose heat quickly, so it is essential to keep them warm. Dress your baby in warm clothes, and use a blanket or a warm water bottle to keep them warm.
* Change diapers frequently: Diaper changes are essential for newborn babies to prevent diaper rash and infections. Change diapers frequently, and clean the area gently with mild soap and water.
* Bath your baby gently: Newborn babies do not need to be bathed frequently, but when you do bathe them, use warm water and mild soap. Avoid using soap on the baby’s head and do not submerge the baby underwater.
* Take care of umbilical cord: The umbilical cord stump will fall off on its own within a few weeks. Until then, keep the area clean and dry.

2. What are the essential don’ts for a newborn baby?

Here are some essential don’ts for a newborn baby:
* Do not smoke around the baby: Smoke exposure can be harmful to newborn babies and can cause respiratory problems.
* Do not let the baby get too cold or too hot: Newborn babies cannot regulate their body temperature, so it is essential to keep them warm or cool, depending on the environment.
* Do not shake the baby: Shaking the baby can cause serious injuries, including brain damage and death.
* Do not let the baby sleep in a car seat or stroller: Newborn babies should not sleep in a car seat or stroller for extended periods, as it can cause breathing problems and other health issues.
* Do not give the baby water or juice: Newborn babies should only be given breastmilk or formula and should not be given water or juice.

3. How much should a newborn baby sleep?

Newborn babies need a lot of sleep, and it is essential to establish a regular sleep routine. Here is a general guideline for how much sleep a newborn baby needs:
* Newborn babies sleep for 16-17 hours a day, with intervals of 2-3 hours of sleep at a time.
* By the age of two months, newborn babies start to sleep for longer periods, and by the age of six months, they may sleep for up to 12 hours at a time.

4. What are the signs of a healthy newborn baby?

Here are some signs of a healthy newborn baby:
* The baby is active and alert: Newborn babies should be active and alert, and should respond to stimuli such as noise, light, and touch.
* The baby is gaining weight: Newborn babies should gain weight steadily in the first few weeks, and should double their birth weight by the age of six months.
* The baby is feeding well: Newborn babies should be feeding well, and should have at least six wet diapers and four bowel movements in a 24-hour period.
* The baby has normal body temperature, heart rate, and breathing: Newborn babies should have a normal body temperature, heart rate, and breathing rate.

5. What should I do if I suspect my newborn baby is sick?

If you suspect that your newborn baby is sick, here are some steps you should take:
* Contact your pediatrician immediately: If you suspect that your newborn baby is sick, contact your pediatrician immediately.
* Observe your baby’s symptoms: Observe your baby’s symptoms, such as fever, cough, or difficulty breathing, and report them to your pediatrician.
* Keep your baby hydrated: If your baby is sick, it is essential to keep them hydrated by giving them breastmilk or formula.
* Do not give your baby medicine without consulting your pediatrician: Do not give your baby medicine without consulting your pediatrician, as some medicines can be harmful to newborn babies.

Do’s & Don’ts while caring for Newborn Baby |Must Watch for New Mothers-Dr.Harish C |Doctors’ Circle

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